7-Year-Old Plays Paganini Violin Concerto # 1, TMS Edtior receives prize for Peace and Social Justice, TRANSCEND Track Record on Conflict Solution 1958–2018, Mohammed Haddad | Al Jazeera - TRANSCEND Media Service. In 1980, the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) claimed a reunited Jerusalem as its undivided capital. For Jews, who comprise 62% of the population, Jerusalem is the holiest city in the world. The Israeli security establishment “almost as one” thought that Israel was safer when the JCPOA was alive and well, says Nimrod Novik, a former advisor on foreign policy to the late Shimon Peres and Israel fellow at the Washington-based Israel Policy Forum, which supports a two-state solution to the conflict. “The less credible the U.S. became, the less secure Israel became, the more countries in the region felt that they had to normalize with Israel in order to legitimize security coordination,” Novik says. After 1948, Jaffa's nationalized orange groves and the established markets for their products provided the major source of income for the new state of Israel. Some Palestinian areas, such as Beit Safafa in southern Jerusalem, have been surrounded by Israeli construction of roads and communities. 4. East Jerusalem has a Palestinian majority and was occupied by Israel in 1967. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called an emergency meeting of his Security Cabinet on Tuesday to discuss plans to halt the violence. “The Palestinian leadership that has been extremely frustrated by the Trump Administration’s pro-Israeli position sees a Biden win as an opportunity to return to the negotiating table.”. Although Israeli defense experts were concerned about some elements of the deal, the consensus was that those issues would have been better addressed within the multilateral framework, Novik says. This makes it the longest occupation in modern history. Based on their calculations, Israel would seize around 1236km2 of land from the Jordan Valley. East Jerusalem has a Palestinian majority and was occupied by Israel in 1967. See more drone footage on. “International law is very clear: annexation and territorial conquest are forbidden by the Charter of the United Nations,” said Michael Lynk, the UN independent expert on human rights in the Palestinian territories. Now, in the latest round of Israel’s ongoing occupation and policy of land-grabs this map could become even more disjointed. Trump instead threw his weight behind Israeli goals — his administration moved the U.S. Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, cut funding to the U.N.’s organization for Palestinian refugees (UNRWA), and adjusted America’s long-held view that Israeli settlements in the West Bank are “inconsistent” with international law. analysis of the growing violence and polarization in Jerusalem found that the ancient city had reached a dangerous boiling point. “Israel will come to settle accounts with the murderers, those who try to murder, and anyone who helps them,” he said. It is also rooted in widespread skepticism that progress on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict can be achieved no matter who sits in the Oval Office. In his latest explicitly partisan statement, U.S. ambassador to Israel David Friedman on Oct. 4 suggested a Biden Presidency would be bad for Israel and the Gulf countries‘ security. As part of the plan, he presented a conceptual map that would allow Israel to annex huge parts of the occupied West Bank and give Palestinians control of only 15 percent of historical Palestine. Today, Israel views all of Jerusalem as its capital, while the PA claims East Jerusalem as the seat of a future Palestinian state, viewing Israel’s hold on the land as an occupation. The nation of Israel should be distinguished from the land region of Palestine. For Christians, who number about 14,000 — or 2% — of Jerusalem’s population, the city is the site of the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus. Under the Oslo Accords, control of this area was supposed to be handed over to the PA. According to the international standards, Jerusalem is a divided city. The Green Line is also referred to as the (pre-) 1967 borders, before Israel occupied the remaining Palestinian territories during the June 1967 war. Progressive policies such as resolutions to support a two-state solution, to resume funding UNRWA immediately, and to uphold the human rights of child prisoners detained by Israel all came about as a result of “pressure from below,” Zomlot says, rather than from above. The Palestinian leadership declined to participate in the 2019 economic conference the Trump Administration ran under the auspices of its so-called Middle East Peace Plan, which—when it was finally unveiled in January—proposed to greenlight Israel’s annexation of swathes of occupied Palestinian territory. Israeli settlements are Jewish communities built on Palestinian land. Trump polls more favorably against Biden in Israel than in the U.S. A total of 376,415 Jewish immigrants, mostly from Europe, arrived in Palestine between 1920 and 1946 according to British records. However, they add, normalization would not necessarily promote stability in the Middle East nor advance U.S. interests in the region. The city’s growth and movement of people have presented new challenges. 5. The segmented territories include Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Analysts say Friedman’s concerns are overblown. It is the capital of the ancient Israelite kingdom and the former location of the Jewish temples. In 1947, the UN voted for Palestine to be split into separate Jewish and Arab states, with Jerusalem becoming an international city. Israel occupied East Jerusalem at the end of the 1967 War. In times of relative peace, Palestinians and Israelis cross between areas easily. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our, would be bad for Israel and the Gulf countries, bypassed then-President Obama’s White House to speak directly with Congress, not necessarily promote stability in the Middle East, What a Biden Presidency Might Mean for the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. To understand what annexation will look like on the ground and how we got here, Al Jazeera has compiled a collection of historic and present-day maps for you to explore. But, he adds, it had an unplanned upside of warming relations between Israel and Arab neighbors like the UAE and Bahrain. In 2019, the US became the only country to recognise Israel’s annexation of the land. Recent polling showed that 50% of Israelis want the incumbent to win on Nov. 3, compared to only 21% who prefer Biden—a reversal of the situation in 2016, when most Israelis preferred Hillary Clinton to Trump. He has said he would leave the U.S. Embassy to Israel in Jerusalem—a move a majority of Israelis regarded as long overdue—but says he would reopen the U.S. consulate in East Jerusalem for the Palestinian leadership, as well as the PLO’s mission in Washington. That’s not to say Israelis don’t care about the relationship with America. All Rights Reserved. The Gaza Strip is a small coastal area bordering Egypt to the south. When Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in 2015 bypassed then-President Obama’s White House to speak directly with Congress and warn against the U.S.-led nuclear negotiations with Iran, it underscored the sour personal relationships between the U.S. and Israeli leaders. Palestinian residents in Jerusalem on the other side of the wall would be given the option to become Palestinian citizens, Israeli citizens, or remain as permanent residents. Click here to go to the current weekly digest or pick another article: This 1935 animated map produced by March of Time shows where many of Germany’s Jews fled to following the rise of Hitler’s Nazi party / Getty Images. Annexation would mean that Palestinians would be physically cut off from the Jordan River. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher and the Garden Tomb, both purported sites of Jesus’s resurrection, attract worshippers from around the world. Palestinians rejected the proposal because it stripped away much of the land that was under their control. Any suggestion of daylight between Israel and the U.S. on the issue would also weaken its regional deterrence and lead to fresh outbreaks of violence, Novik adds. See more videos in this interactive project: Inside al-Aqsa: A 360° tour of Jerusalem’s holiest mosque (2017), Al Jazeera. The area, which is smaller than one-square kilometre (0.6 miles), is home to the Al-Aqsa Mosque Compound, the Western Wall, St James Cathedral and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre among others. Should Biden succeed, then many in Israel and the Palestinian territories will be looking for evidence of how the new administration might define relations. Israeli settlers in the Jordan Valley receive 18 times more water on average than Palestinian residents in the West Bank. A section of Israel’s separation wall in occupied East Jerusalem (2019) Al Jazeera. Before the British Mandate in Palestine, Jews made up around six percent of the total population. Share this article: According to a map presented by Netanyahu in 2019, the areas to be annexed would comprise 95 percent of the Jordan Valley which makes up at least 22 percent of the West Bank. Palestinians, carrying possessions on their heads, flee from an village in Galilee (1948) / Getty Images. In both areas, while the PA is in charge of education, health and the economy, the Israelis have full control of external security, meaning they retain the right to enter at any time. This region is home to two million Palestinians. The main difference between Israel and Palestine is that Israel is a nation, and Palestine is a geographical region. In 2014, 2,069 Palestinians and 168 Israelis were injured in clashes in Jerusalem, five times more than in either of the two previous years.
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