russian oblasts

russian oblasts

English translations given are those most commonly used. Some oblasts also included autonomous entities called autonomous okrugs. A republic is named after the indigenous ethnic group common in the area although due to internal migration an ethnic group may not necessarily be the majority in the population of the republic. The Jewish Autonomous Oblast (JAO) is the only Autonomous Oblast in Russia as set out in Article 65 of the Constitution of Russia. The names of oblasts did not usually correspond to the names of the respective historical regions, as they were created as purely administrative units. Because of the Soviet Union electrification program under the GOELRO plan, Ivan Alexandrov, as director of the Regionalisation Committee of Gosplan, divided the Soviet union into thirteen European and eight Asiatic oblasts, using rational economic planning rather than "the vestiges of lost sovereign rights".[2]. Here's a quick snapshot of the most inhabited Russian cities according to 2002 census. The Russian Federation comprises of republics, cities of federal importance, krais, oblasts, an autonomous oblast, and autonomous okrugs. Legally there is no difference in status between an Oblast and a Krai. Formerly the Soviet Union, Russia gained independence in 1991 but has had a difficult time establishing a clear political system after seventy-five years of Soviet administration. Russian map general info. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, European Countries That Are Not Members Of The European Union, The US States Most Prone To Natural Disasters, The Largest Football (Soccer) Stadiums In The World. Under the policies of the current President Vladimir Putin, the federal legislature has reviewed the distribution of tax revenue and given more power to the federal authorities. The term is often translated as "area", "zone", "province" or "region". Oblasts are divided into raions (districts), cities of oblast significance(district-eq… By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on April 30 2019 in World Facts. Each of these federal subjects provides two political delegates and has equal political representation in the Federation Council. Russian call areas in relation to the oblasts and regions Source: RUQRZ.com. The highest executive is a governor who is appointed by the President of Russia. Official terms in successor states of the Soviet Union differ, but some still use a cognate of the Russian term, e.g., voblast (voblasts, voblasts', [ˈvobɫasʲtsʲ]) is used for regions of Belarus and oblys (plural: oblystar) for regions of Kazakhstan. Russian oblast and city on the Volga River Answers. Oblasts serve as a first level administrative unit and hold authority over a specific geographic territory. | Site Map. Each of the subjects has its own leader, a legislative body, and a constitutional court which is supported by the federal subjects’ constitution and legislation. The highest executive is the governor who is appointed by the president. In the Russian Empire, oblasts were considered to be administrative units and were included as parts of Governorates General or krais. The third and latest federal city is Sevastopol which is in the disputed region of Crimea that was annexed in 2014 but is still recognized as part of Ukraine. It is also the world’s ninth most populous country with a population of 146.77 million people as of 2019. Since 1999, Bulgaria has been divided into 28 oblasts, usually translated as "provinces". The Jewish Autonomous Oblast is now mostly inhabited by ethnic Russians who make up 92.7% of the population according to the 2010 census as a majority of the Jews left for Tel Aviv after the collapse of the Soviet Union. When exploring Russia, it's a good idea to learn how the whole country is organized into Federal Subjects (a.k.a. In 1922, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was divided into 33 administrative divisions called oblasts. The majority of then-existing oblasts were on the periphery of the country (e.g. Oblasts are further divided into raions, cities of oblast significance and autonomous okrugs. First-level administrative division in several countries. In this empire, oblasts were administrative areas that made up part of the Governorate Generals, also known as Krais. In 1929, oblasts were replaced with larger administrative units known as banovinas. Russian and Belarusian are both state languages. constituent units of Russia). Russia has a federal structure and includes 85 federal subjects, consisting of: . Republics are regions with non-Russian ethnic groups although many republics have Russians as the majority. Each district includes several regions, such as oblast, republic, krai, okrug. Posted by krist on 5 September 2017, 12:06 pm. With a few exceptions, Soviet oblasts were named after their administrative centers. Terminology. The constitution of Russia recognizes 85 federal subjects since March 18, 2014, although two of the most recent subjects are recognized by most states as part of Ukraine. The current constitution of Russia, adopted in 1993, solved various legal conflicts but also introduced a proper administration system for the constituent subjects by reserving regional rights, introducing local self-government and, eliminated the right to secede from the country that was granted in the Soviet era. The only difference between an oblast and a krai is tradition, as Krai was used to refer to territories at the edge of the main Russian state and was traditionally occupied by ethnic non-Russians. Kars Oblast or Transcaspian Oblast) or covered the areas where Cossacks lived. Oblasts, Republics, Krais. Kyrgyz and Russian are both official languages, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 01:36. Terms of Service Raions are similar to districts and cities of oblast significance are district equivalent independent cities. The total population of Russia is 145,166,731. A federal city may constitute other cities and towns within it and maintains older structures of postal address systems. Subdivisions of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 33 administrative divisions called oblasts, larger administrative units known as banovinas, "Government - Regions - The Government of Armenia", "Chapter 3. Oblasts are usually named after the administrative center which tends to be the capital city or town of the Oblast. As any administrative units of this level, oblasts were composed of districts (raions) and cities/towns directly under oblasts' jurisdiction. This crossword clue belongs to CodyCross Medieval Times Group 240 Puzzle 3 Pack. | These oblasts were later merged into the Republic of Serbian Krajina and the Republika Srpska. Before, the country was divided into just nine units, also called oblast. This travel guide includes information for tourists about Russian regions, cities and territories. Each oblast features a state government holding authority over a defined geographic territory, with a state legislature, the Oblast Duma, that is democratically elected. Russia is the largest country in the world spanning across Northern Asia and Eastern Europe covering an area of 6,612,100 square miles. Oblasts are a constituent political entity in a federal union under with representation in the Federation Council, and serve as a first-level administrative division. There are 83 subjects in total, including 21 republics, 46 oblasts, 9 krais, 1 autonomous oblast, 4 autonomous okrugs and 2 federal cities. An oblast (/ˈɒblæst/; also UK: /ˈɒblɑːst/)[1] is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Yugoslavia. However, after a series of wars, reforms, and agreements with the Russian federal government, secession is not an option for the republics, especially under President Putin. Kyrgyz and Russian are both official languages Russia: oblast: oblast or region: see Oblasts of Russia: According to the Constitution of Russia, oblasts are considered to be subjects of the Federation, which is a higher status than that of administrative units they had within the Russian SFSR before the These territories have been subject to disapproval as they are not recognized by the federal constitution. Besides the obvious Moscow, which is the capital of Russia with over 10 million population, there are several very large cities with population over 1 million and myriads of big cities with population over 500,000 people. constituent units of Russia). It is located in the Russian Far East and was intended as an official Jewish territory in the 1940s when the Jewish people in the region were about 25% of the population. Begin by exploring the major districts of Russia, then browse down to the entities and cities within each district. | Privacy Policy The Federal Structure - The Constitution of the Russian Federation", "Microsoft Word - Newsletter II-2 2010-06-30.doc", oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast', List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oblast&oldid=984606887, Russian-language designations of territorial entities, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Republics are governed by their own constitution and retain the right to come up with their own official language. Three of the autonomous okrugs are subordinate to an Oblast, leaving Chukotka Autonomous Okrug as the only okrug that is not subordinate to an Oblast. The term oblast dates as far back as the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1849 to 1917. The term oblast, when translated to English, refers to a province. In the Soviet Union, oblasts were one of the types of administrative divisions of the union republics. Copyright © 2008-2020 LearningRussian.net. Call areas. The republics were established in Soviet Russia when Vladimir Lenin gave Russian minorities the right to self-determination in 1917. This guide is being constantly improved with new information about Russian travel destinations. The Governor is the highest executive position of the state government in an Oblast, and is elected by people. The oblasts in other post-Soviet countries are officially called: Viloyat and welaýat are derived from the Turkish language term vilayet, itself derived from the Arabic language term wilāya (ولاية). The JAO is the second official Jewish territory after Israel. An official government translation of the Constitution of Russia in Article 5 states: "1. Russia had four autonomous okrugs as of 2014 out of the 85 federal subjects. There are different kinds of “subjects”: 46 oblasts When exploring Russia, it's a good idea to learn how the whole country is organized into Federal Subjects (a.k.a. This merge ended in 2008 and the territories became known as "administrative-territorial regions with special status." Russian call areas by oblast or region; numeral + 1 st suffix letter oblast or region abbreviation ITU zone CQ zone continent; 1A, 1B: Republics enjoy extensive powers and have powerful executives who occasionally pass laws contradictory to the federal constitution, but the federal government is keen to quash any secessionist ideas and movements. Cities of Federal importance have the status of both inhabited locality and a separate federal constituent. Oblasts are the most common type of federal subjects, and there are 46 Oblasts out of the 85 federal subjects. Each of the subjects has its own leader, a legislative body, and a constitutional court which is supported by the federal subjects’ constitution and legislation. At this time, the oblasts were positioned around the borders of the country or in areas inhabited by Cossacks, East Slavic-speaking people. Each Krai consists of a state government with authority over a definite geographical region with a legislative assembly and a state legislature. Russia consists of 8 federal districts, that are divided into 83 “subjects”. There are three federal cities in the Russian Federation out of the 85 federal subjects. The 1977 constitution emphasized the use of “autonomous okrugs” as opposed to “national okrugs” as used earlier to distinguish them from other territorial and administrative units that did not have autonomy.

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