types of evergreen trees
Also called the red pine, some species of Norway pine have drooping branches that give this evergreen tree a weeping look. As its common name suggests, these pine trees are identified by their unique black bark. Within the evergreen family, there are different varieties of trees with specific characteristics. Olive trees need to be grown in a bright and sunny spot, in well-draining soil. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. They have an extraordinary range of shapes and sizes and are well adapted to many soil types and growing conditions. Easter red cedars grow to between 16 to 66 ft. (5 – 20 m). This evergreen has shiny, scale-like leaves and reaches up to 40 feet (12 m.). Due to its large size, you must be careful when planting. This tree grows in a loose, tiered pyramid shape, with small needles that turn from blue-green to dark, black-green upon maturity. Pines are probably the most notable of evergreen tree types. It has bright green needles that grow in a dense, compact design, making it ideal as a living privacy barrier. The needles vary in color between species, from blue-green to dark green and gray-green. Cones are red that turn to brown as they mature. They have a medium growth rate, increasing 13 to 24 inches per year. The Norway pine is a cold hardy evergreen tree. , evergreen trees can act as windbreaks and privacy screens in your yard. That said, some evergreen tree varieties thrive better in certain locations and temperatures than others. In gardens, it can grow anywhere from 30 to 60 feet tall and up to 20 feet wide. Many types of firs are considered excellent Christmas trees, and they are widely grown for this purpose. Monterey Pine (P. radiata) – this evergreen tree grows quickly and reaches anywhere from 80-100 feet (24-30.5 m.) tall without pruning. Evergreen trees keep their green leaves all year round. Olive trees are evergreen trees that are native to warm climates around the world, including Africa, Asia, and the Meditteranean region. They are a long-lived and attractive tree that is popularly cultivated in parks and outdoor public spaces. We hope you find this information on how to plant and take care of evergreen trees helpful. Their leaves look more like scales than needles. Grow your citrus tree in full sun and sheltered position. Scots or Scotch Pine (P. sylvestris) – it may not always be well adapted to landscape settings but is commonly used as a container plant or Christmas tree for its interesting yellow to blue-green foliage color. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Evergreen trees come in all shapes and sizes, from less than one metre tall to almost one hundred. Concolors grow best in hardy zones 3 through 7. The Italian cypress is a tall, slender tree that resembles a dark green column. The Japanese red (P. densiflora) variety is an excellent slow-growing pine suitable for small areas. E.g. These trees are cultivated heavily for their ornamental value and are especially popular in Asia, where they line parks and outdoor public spaces. The Japanese cedar can grow up to 80 feet tall, though there are shorter varieties that grow between 10 to 12 feet. Pine trees thrive in full sun. Nothing can take your yard from dull to dazzling faster than beautiful evergreen trees. Large specimens can grow to between 66 and 115 ft. (30 – 60 m) and have dark green sharp needles, egg-shaped brown cones, and flaky bark that is orange-red towards the top of the tree. It is ideal for harsh landscapes like rocky slopes or wet, swampy dirt. Learn more. This wood is strong and durable but has no resistance against rotting, and so it is predominantly used for indoor projects. It is a fast-growing variety with dense branches when young. They grow to 40 and 50 feet tall in the wild though will likely only grow to half that size on your property. The dark green foliage and purplish-red cones make this a beautiful choice for any landscape, and its fast growth of 3 feet a year make it popular for commercial and residential properties. There are a lot of evergreen varieties that will match the different climatic conditions. They produce oval-shaped cones that can measure up to five inches long. Other ways to identify trees by their leaves include: Opposite leaves grow directly across from each other on the leaf stem. The Colorado blue spruce is a big pine tree, so this is most suitable for areas with a lot of space. They produce cones that stand up on the tips of branches like candles. In the picture is Juniperus chinensis ‘Expansa Aureospicata’. Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) – this is an attractive, fast-growing evergreen tree that gets quite large, about 50-80 feet (15-24 m.) tall. The majority of gum trees are evergreen, though there are a few rare species that will lose their leaves each year. These pines grow to 230 ft. (70 m) but dwarf varieties reach heights of between 3 and 5 ft. (0.9 – 1.5 m). Chinese Juniper includes many cultivars. They have little value as timber, and instead, they are sometimes used as pulpwood to create paper or plywood. Some types of evergreen trees like juniper and cedar have scale-like leaves. Before choosing an evergreen for your landscape, you should pay attention to growing zones and cold hardiness. Evergreen trees have the capability of retaining their colorful foliage and needles all year long, including the winter, when most plants lose their leaves and die down. One of the most popular landscaping conifers is the Leyland cypress due to its fast growth, thick green foliage, and soft feathery touch. It is native to Colorado, reaching to northern New Mexico, as well as Utah through Wyoming into the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia. Photosynthesis, the process in which plants use sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water to oxygen and sugars, occurs in leaves. With proper pruning, you can also use eastern white pines as a privacy hedge if you plant a few together. In winter, the thuja green giant darkens to a bronze hue. Our native evergreen yew tree is a conifer, but doesn’t produce cones. They need moist soil that is well-draining and has a neutral pH. Norway spruce trees grow to between 115 and 180 ft. (35 – 55 m) tall. Choose a variety of evergreens to enhance your landscape and you won’t be disappointed.
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